As part of the code review process, reviewers score each change with values for each label configured for the project. The label values that a given user is allowed to set are defined according to the access controls. Gerrit comes pre-configured with the Code-Review label that can be granted to groups within projects, enabling functionality for that group’s members.

Label: Code-Review

The code review label is the second of two default labels that is configured upon the creation of a Gerrit instance. It may have any meaning the project desires. It was originally invented by the Android Open Source Project to mean I read the code and it seems reasonably correct.

The range of values is:

  • -2 Do not submit

    The code is so horribly incorrect/buggy/broken that it must not be submitted to this project, or to this branch. This value is valid across all patch sets in the same change, i.e. the reviewer must actively change his/her review to something else before the change is submittable.

    Any -2 blocks submit.

  • -1 I would prefer that you didn’t submit this

    The code doesn’t look right, or could be done differently, but the reviewer is willing to live with it as-is if another reviewer accepts it, perhaps because it is better than what is currently in the project. Often this is also used by contributors who don’t like the change, but also aren’t responsible for the project long-term and thus don’t have final say on change submission.

    Does not block submit.

  • 0 No score

    Didn’t try to perform the code review task, or glanced over it but don’t have an informed opinion yet.

  • +1 Looks good to me, but someone else must approve

    The code looks right to this reviewer, but the reviewer doesn’t have access to the +2 value for this category. Often this is used by contributors to a project who were able to review the change and like what it is doing, but don’t have final approval over what gets submitted.

  • +2 Looks good to me, approved

    Basically the same as +1, but for those who have final say over how the project will develop.

    Any +2 enables submit.

For a change to be submittable, the latest patch set must have a +2 Looks good to me, approved in this category, and no -2 Do not submit. Thus -2 on any patch set can block a submit, while +2 on the latest patch set can enable it.

If a Gerrit installation does not wish to use this label in any project, the [label "Code-Review"] section can be deleted from project.config in All-Projects.

If a Gerrit installation or project wants to modify the description text associated with these label values, the text can be updated in the label.Code-Review.value fields in project.config.

Additional entries could be added to label.Code-Review.value to further extend the negative and positive range, but there is likely little value in doing so as this only expands the middle region. This label is a MaxWithBlock type, which means that the lowest negative value if present blocks a submit, while the highest positive value is required to enable submit.

Label: Verified

The Verified label was originally invented by the Android Open Source Project to mean compiles, passes basic unit tests. Some CI tools expect to use the Verified label to vote on a change after running.

Administrators can install the Verified label by adding the following text to project.config:

[label "Verified"]
    function = MaxWithBlock
    value = -1 Fails
    value =  0 No score
    value = +1 Verified

The range of values is:

  • -1 Fails

    Tried to compile, but got a compile error, or tried to run tests, but one or more tests did not pass.

    Any -1 blocks submit.

  • 0 No score

    Didn’t try to perform the verification tasks.

  • +1 Verified

    Compiled (and ran tests) successfully.

    Any +1 enables submit.

For a change to be submittable, the change must have a +1 Verified in this label, and no -1 Fails. Thus, -1 Fails can block a submit, while +1 Verified enables a submit.

Additional values could also be added to this label, to allow it to behave more like Code-Review (below). Add -2 and +2 entries to the label.Verified.value fields in project.config to get the same behavior.

Your Label Here

Site administrators and project owners can also define their own labels.

See above for descriptions of how Verified and Code-Review work, and add your own label to project.config to get the same behavior over your own range of values, for any label you desire.

Just like the built-in labels, users need to be given permissions to vote on custom labels. Permissions can either be added by manually editing project.config when adding the labels, or, once the labels are added, permission categories for those labels will show up in the permission editor web UI.

Labels may be added to any project’s project.config; the default labels are defined in All-Projects. Labels are inherited from parent projects; a child project may add, override, or remove labels defined in its parents. Overriding a label in a child project overrides all its properties and values. To remove a label in a child project, add an empty label with the same name as in the parent.

Labels are laid out in the order they are specified in project.config, with inherited labels appearing first, providing some layout control to the administrator.


The name for a label, consisting only of alphanumeric characters and -.


A multi-valued key whose values are of the form "<#> Value description text". The <#> may be any positive or negative number with an optional leading +.


An abbreviated name for a label shown as a compact column header, for
example on project dashboards. Defaults to all the uppercase characters
in the label name, e.g. `Label-Name` is abbreviated by default as `LN`.


The name of a function for evaluating multiple votes for a label. This function is only applied if the default submit rule is used for a label. If you write a custom submit rule (and do not call the default rule), the function name is ignored and may be treated as optional.

Valid values are:

  • MaxWithBlock (default)

    The lowest possible negative value, if present, blocks a submit, while the highest possible positive value is required to enable submit. There must be at least one positive value, or else submit will never be enabled. To permit blocking submits, ensure a negative value is defined.

  • MaxNoBlock

    The highest possible positive value is required to enable submit, but the lowest possible negative value will not block the change.

  • NoBlock/NoOp

    The label is purely informational and values are not considered when determining whether a change is submittable.


If true, the lowest possible negative value for the label is copied forward when a new patch set is uploaded.


If false, the label cannot be overridden by child projects. Any configuration for this label in child projects will be ignored. Defaults to true.


To define a new 3-valued category that behaves exactly like Verified, but has different names/labels:

[label "Copyright-Check"]
    function = MaxWithBlock
    value = -1 Do not have copyright
    value =  0 No score
    value = +1 Copyright clear

The new column will appear at the end of the table, and -1 Do not have copyright will block submit, while +1 Copyright clear is required to enable submit.

Part of Gerrit Code Review